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This course is designed by Akshat Agarwal

Extensive use of technology in teaching and learning is one of the basic principal of National Education Policy 2020 drafted by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The most important factor in the success of higher education institutions is the quality and engagement of its faculty. Empowering the faculty to conduct innovative teaching, research, and service as they see best will be a key motivator and enabler for them to do truly outstanding, creative work.

The recent rise in epidemics and pandemics necessitates that we are ready with alternative modes of quality education whenever and wherever traditional and in- person modes of education are not possible. The existing digital platforms and ongoing ICT-based educational initiatives must be optimized and expanded to meet the current and future challenges in providing quality education for all. Teachers require suitable training and development to be effective online educators. It cannot be assumed that a good teacher in a traditional classroom will automatically be a good teacher in an online classroom.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS and SOFT SKILL are the most important in the life of every human being. Apart from the knowledge in the field of technology, the forth coming decades demand the need for a holistic skills-set, attitudes and positive personality in several fields.

Advanced communication skills take the basic skills of communication and frame them within a general understanding of how the communication process works. They allow you access to ways to guide and direct communication between yourself and another or a group so that you can achieve your goals and outcomes.

Advanced Communication is a true art form, requiring practice, finesse, and a skill set that goes beyond those that the average person possesses.

Non-ferrous extractive metallurgy is one of the two branches of extractive metallurgy which pertains to the processes of reducing valuable, non-iron metals from ores or raw material. Metals like zinc, copper, lead, aluminium as well as rare and noble metals are of particular interest in this field, while the more common metal, iron, is considered a major impurity. Like ferrous extraction, non-ferrous extraction primarily focuses on the economic optimization of extraction processes in separating qualitatively and quantitatively marketable metals from its impurities (gangue).

1. Brief history of non-ferrous metal;
2. Sources of non-ferrous metal;
3. Mineral benefication techniques;
4. General methods of extraction;
5. Principles of pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy & electrometallurgy;
6. Nonferrous Metals in India - Unleashing its true potential ; Review and Summary ;
This course aims to equip students with efficient communication skills with a knowledge of literary theory. In this course students shall learn:
Principles Of Literary Criticism
New Criticism
Emerging Interdisciplinary Theories
Application of Theory
What the students will learn:

1. Apply basic algorithmic techniques such as greedy algorithms, binary search, sorting and dynamic programming to solve programming challenges.

2. Apply various data structures such as stack, queue, hash table, priority queue, binary search tree, graph and string to solve programming challenges.

3. Apply graph and string algorithms to solve real-world challenges: finding shortest paths on huge maps and assembling genomes from millions of pieces.

4.Solve complex programming challenges using advanced techniques: maximum flow, linear programming, approximate algorithms, SAT-solvers, streaming.

After completing the course, the learner
1. Develop an understanding of the concept of disability
2. Develop an understanding of the concept of learning disabilities
3. Critically evaluate the models of disability
4. Identify the need and importance of inclusive education
5. Discuss the contributions of national and international agencies to inclusive education
By learning this course we can convert complex number in a polar form, plot the roots of a complex number in complex plane, find harmonic conjugate of analytic functions and apply conformal mapping in geometrical transformation
Evaluate complex integration by using various result, test convergence of complex sequence and series and expand some analytic function in Taylor’s series
Find Laurent’s series and pole of order, and apply Cauchy Residue theorem in evaluating some real integrals
Form and solve first order linear and nonlinear partial differential equations
Apply the various methods to solve higher order partial differential equations, modelling and solve some engineering problems related to Heat flows, Wave equation and Laplace equation.
Physics is Everywhere and it's the study of nature. It includes study of space, matter, energy and time.
Calculus having to branches
1.Differential Calculus
2.Integral Calculus
After learning the course the students should be able to:

Understand and realize the multi-disciplinary nature of the environment, its components, and inter-relationship between man and environment.

This course highlights the important of general awareness
If we read the news paper and watch television news we got the general information related to the world.
Research tool
A research tool is a device or instrument used to collect information from the sample or target population. The various methods of data gathering involve the use of appropriate recording forms. These are called tools or instruments of data collection, they consists of observation schedule , interview schedule, questionnaire, rating scale, check list etc.
Unit I Understanding the social diversity
Unit II Educational demands of individuals and diverse communities
Unit III Indian Constitutional values on education
Unit IV Inequality, discrimination and marginalization in education
Unit V Policy framework on education: Pre-independent India

Communication Skills and Soft Skills are the most important in the life of every human being. Apart from knowledge in the field of technology, the forth coming decades demand the need foe a holistic skill-set, attitudes and positive personality in several fields. Happy Learning.!!!

Gives an idea of what exactly is listening and why is it important.
After the completion of the basics of event management course you will be able to know more about :

- The Concept & definition of Event Management
- Organization structure of large & small event management companies
- 5 C's of Event management
- Various categories of Events
- Impacts of Events

Under this topic we will learn:
Phase rule
Phases, components and degrees of freedom of a system
Miscibility of liquids
Critical solution temperature
Phenol-water system
Determination of critical solution temperature of phenol-water system
Nature of light: Particle theory and Wave theory, Reflection, laws of reflection, Image formation by mirrors, Uses, Refraction, Laws of refraction, image formation by lenses, Uses of lenses, Human eye.
What is Coronavirus?
Clinical Presentation
High-Risk Populations
• People with serious chronic illnesses such as:
• Diabetes
• Cardiovascular disease
• Chronic respiratory disease
• Cancer
• Hypertension
Transmission of COVID-19
Preventing Transmission
Diagnostic Procedures
Management / Interventions
Use of Personal Protective Equipment
Marketing studies can help students to become professionals in the industry, teaching them how to help businesses successfully promote and sell products through the use of marketing strategies, trend analysis, research and pricing.

i) To introduce the marketing concept and how we identify, understand and satisfy the needs of customers and markets.
ii) To analyse companies and competitors and to introduce a marketing strategy to increase awareness of the strategic and tactical decisions behind today's top-performing brands.
1. Concept of FPOs - A brief introduction.
2. Formation and Operation of FPOs.
3. FPO Policy Landscape.
4. Current Status of FPOs in India.
5. Financing requirements of the FPOs Based on their Stages in the Lifecycle.
6. Various Schemes for Financing FPOs’s.
7. Opportunities for Financing to FPOs by Banks.
8. FPO Formation and Business Planning Essentials.
9. NABARD’s Initiative to Promote FPOs.
10. Introduction to Business Model Canvass.
11. Pitch Presentation.
12. Financial Plan for Small Businesses.
13. Marketing Strategy for FPOs.
14. Financial Strategy for Producer Company.
15. Operational Issues with FPOs.
16. Linking FPOs to Distant Market – Experiential Sharing.
17. Setting up of a Company.
18. Financial Assessment for FPOs.
19. Market Research for FPOs.
20. Sourcing of Technologies for Better Business.
21. Linking Producer and consumers: Sahaja Aharam – An Experiential Learning.
22. Launching of FPO Compaign.
23. Producer Company.
24. Role of SFAC in Promotion of FPOs.
25. Digital Certification.
26. Working Together versus Individual Action.
27. Basic Concepts of an FPO.
28. Formation and Functions of FIG and FPOs.
29. Board of Directors and Management: Who they are, how to select and monitor.
30. Specific and Shared Responsibilities of BoD & CEO.
31. Importance of Share Capital. How to collect and how to maintain?
32. Statutory Compliances under Companies Act 1956 and Companies Act 2013.
33. Statutory Compliances – Certification/ Licences for Trading.
34. Analysis of Current Market Practices - Buying and Selling of Produce.
35. Aspirations of Farmers versus Market Realities.
36. Assessing the Market Need and Demand: Realistic versus Ideal; Short term vs Long term.
37. How can an FPO respond to the Fluctuating Market?
38. Planning for Short Term Strategies to Mitigate Market Risk.
39. Networking and Stakeholder Engagement.
40. Special Situations where Networking Skills are Required.
41. Methods of Stakeholder Engagement.
42. Introduction to HR and Roles of the Staff in the FPO Operations.
43. Introduction to Basics of Finance in an FPO.
44. FPO Operations – Need for understanding and planning various resources – part 1.
45. FPO Operations – Need for understanding and planning various resources – part 2.
46. Basics of Finance: Budgeting, Working Capital, Cash flow; Raising Funds; Managing Share Capital and Investment Financing.
47. Basics of Finance: Price Fixation (of FPO’s produce) and Profitability.
48. Assessing the Financial Position of the FPO for its Operations.
49. Introduction to Recruitment Process.
50. How to Leverage Available Resources and Provision for Future Needs.
51. Different Scenarios in Efficiently Managing Resources using Simulation (examples).
52. Understanding the Customer.
53. Identifying the Potential Business to Pursue by the FPO.
54. Basic Understanding of Risk Taking.
55. Impact on Business in different Scenarios using simulated models.
56. Role that a FIG plays in the overall FPO’s business.
57. How to prepare and MIS using Farmer Data.
58. Preparation of a Plan for FIG activities Contributing towards FPO Business Plan.
59. Frequently Asked Questions About FPOs.
60. Learnings from an Existing FPO’s Business - Exposure Visit.

Banking and monetary institutions are an essential component of our lives. More and more professionals are acquiring knowledge in this area for professional advancement or personal knowledge. Banking courses can give individuals the knowledge needed to fulfill their goals and advance careers.

Banking courses can be taken online or on campus; as part of a degree program, taken separately, or in collaboration with professional development programs. Banking courses can cover such topics as account management, finance management, corporate cash management, international banking, and personal money management and will also provide a variety of specialized banking topics. Professionals working in banking institutions, lending firms, accounting, and auditing often participate in these courses. However banking courses are taken by a myriad of professionals from multiple industries.

This course is to provide an overview of Food & Beverage industry organisation and operations which is an integral part of tourism and hospitality industry.
About this course This is a compulsory course scheduled for third semester, Diploma in Electronics and Telecommunication at RGPV, state technical university of Madhya Pradesh. Skills Acquired Design basic digital circuits It is a prerequisite for Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Contact Hours: 66
Upgrade your communicative skill.
Spoken English
vah chidiya jo written by ketharanath agarval
ध्वनि नामक कविता का कवि है सूर्य कान्त त्रिपाठी निराला जी।
English made easy....
Simple harmonic motion
Fundamental of computers
Basics of Programming
This course described different heads of income.
E-content for Biodiversity
Econtent for competitive Maths preparation for Std 5
Machine learning is the science of getting computers to act without being explicitly programmed. In the past decade, machine learning has given us self-driving cars, practical speech recognition, effective web search, and a vastly improved understanding of the human genome. Machine learning is so pervasive today that you probably use it dozens of times a day without knowing it.

In this class, you will learn about the most effective machine learning techniques, and gain practice implementing them and getting them to work for yourself. More importantly, you'll learn about not only the theoretical underpinnings of learning, but also gain the practical know-how needed to quickly and powerfully apply these techniques to new problems. Finally, you'll learn about some of Silicon Valley's best practices in innovation as it pertains to machine learning and AI.

Design the Garment using Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator
Course Overview

Turbo Trendz is an Exclusive Business English course that is customizable according to the specific needs of the learner. This flexibility is what makes the course ‘exclusive’. The course that is designed for you is in accordance with the needs expressed: IT-related English and American English with a focus on vocabulary and writing.
This course is spread into five units. Each unit has five sessions. Each session will be taught for one hour and thirty minutes.
During each session, you can expect
• A brief explanation of the concept
• Examples in context
• Practice exercises
• Assessment
Course Objectives

1. To understand the nuances of English communication for technology
2. To gain exposure to typical expressions in American English
3. To develop fluency in the English language with a specific focus on vocabulary
4. To learn to communicate effectively in an IT-related context

Course Outcome

At the end of this course, you will be able to
 Communicate effectively and fluently in English
 Understand American English and rhetoric
 Learn to strategize knowledge for communicating in English
 Use grounding techniques for communicating
 Draft letters and proposals
 Engage in conversations
This course offers a comprehensive introduction to astronomy and astrophysics. The students are exposed to evolution of stars and mysterious objects. The models of universe and theories of cosmology are also intended.
Simple Harmonic Motion
The Markov Model is a statistical model that can be used in predictive analytics that relies heavily on probability theory.
Sandeep Kumar
Assistant Professor
Computer Science & Engineering
University college of engineering & technology, Bikaner
Financial Accounting for first year undergraduate students
traditional textiles of india
painted textiles
printed textiles
dyes textiles
embroidered textiles
woven textiles
PCP kids Game Course which is more concentration and mind Control
This course will help you to brush up your basic Physics skills and get thinking about how you can learn more. It will build your mind to think and apply the concepts in everyday life. It will push you to open your mind to new ways of looking at Physics and understanding it better.
Come join us to learn more and grow more.
Dear Students
Social Science is surely a window to the world.It leads you towards immense possibilities of knowledge regarding
tokens of the past,stories narrated by land,soil,rain and man,economic activities and constitutional rights.It will guide you to imbibe history,love nature,understanding diversities and most important to become responsible citizens.May the discussions,debates,enquiries,debates and analysis make your classrooms lively.
Basic Computer Fundamentals Concepts will be study during the time.
Media Research is important for us.
This course will signify the importance of polymers in our everyday life. The learner would be able to know the various Polymer processing techniques and also the applications of a few commercially important polymers.
Plant Breeding
the course will impart knowledge about the traditional methods of quantitative analysis 
This topic gives you an overview of communication and introduces you to the main elements in the communication process.
Essence of Indian Knowledge Tradition Pt-I
भारतीयिवȨासार - 1
Course objective
The course aims at imparting basic principles of thought process, reasoning and inferencing. Sustainability is at the core of Indian Traditional knowledge Systems connecting society and nature. Holistic life style of yogic science and wisdom capsules in Sanskrit literature are also important in modern society with rapid technological advancements and societal disruptions. Part-I focuses on introduction to Indian Knowledge Systems, Indian perspective of modern scientific world-view, and basic principles of Yoga and holistic health care system.
The study of developmental aspects of animal life is undertaken
ब्रजभाषा में ही प्रारंभ में हिन्दी काव्य की रचना हुई ।सभी भक्त कवियों,रीतिकालीन कवियों ने अपनी रचनायें इसी भाषा में लिखी हैं जिनमें मुख्य हैं सूरदास,रहीमदास,रस-खान,केशवदास,घनानंद,बिहारी,इत्यादि ।
Its all about to explore the basics of Politics and know more about the characteristics.
This course aims at explaining Principles of management and its applicability in the corporate world.
XIII. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
XIV. Ecology and Remote Sensing
XVa. Recombinant DNA Technology
XVb. Ecosystem Analysis, GIS and Remote Sensing
XVc. Forest Ecology
XVd. Natural Resource Management in Himalaya
XVe. Palynology and Pollination Biology
XVf. Propagation Techniques
Any other Elective course offered by other Department
03 each
XVIa. Plant Health Management
XVIb. Diversity and Cultivation of Mushrooms
XVIc. Environmental Management and Basics of Nanotechnology XVId. Bioinformatics and Biological Database
XVIe. Seed Pathology
XVIf. Applied Plant Anatomy
Any other elective course offered by other Department
03 each
XVII. Laboratory Course I
XVIII. Laboratory Course II
Paradoxically, the subdiscipline of environmental physiology is on the one hand a recent field of study in plant ecology and on the other hand one of the oldest.[1] Environmental physiology is the preferred name of the subdiscipline among plant physiologists, but it goes by a number of other names in the applied sciences. It is roughly synonymous with ecophysiology, crop ecology, horticulture and agronomy. The particular name applied to the subdiscipline is specific to the viewpoint and goals of research. Whatever name is applied, it deals with the ways in which plants respond to their environment and so overlaps with the field of ecology.
Environmental physiologists examine plant response to physical factors such as radiation (including light and ultraviolet radiation), temperature, fire, and wind. Of particular importance are water relations (which can be measured with the Pressure bomb) and the stress of drought or inundation, exchange of gases with the atmosphere, as well as the cycling of nutrients such as nitrogen and carbon.
Environmental physiologists also examine plant response to biological factors. This includes not only negative interactions, such as competition, herbivory, disease and parasitism, but also positive interactions, such as mutualism and pollination
IETLS English course for giving IELTS Examination to study abroad.
Physics Course for First Semester Engineering Students
This advanced Structural Analysis for final yr BTech students
Quantum mechanics is a fundamental theory in physics that provides a description of the physical properties of nature at the scale of atoms and subatomic particles.[2] It is the foundation of all quantum physics including quantum chemistry, quantum field theory, quantum technology, and quantum information science.

Classical physics, the description of physics that existed before the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics, describes many aspects of nature at an ordinary (macroscopic) scale, while quantum mechanics explains the aspects of nature at small (atomic and subatomic) scales, for which classical mechanics is insufficient. Most theories in classical physics can be derived from quantum mechanics as an approximation valid at large (macroscopic) scale.[3]

Quantum mechanics differs from classical physics in that energy, momentum, angular momentum, and other quantities of a bound system are restricted to discrete values (quantization), objects have characteristics of both particles and waves (wave-particle duality), and there are limits to how accurately the value of a physical quantity can be predicted prior to its measurement, given a complete set of initial conditions (the uncertainty principle).[note 1]

Quantum mechanics arose gradually, from theories to explain observations which could not be reconciled with classical physics, such as Max Planck's solution in 1900 to the black-body radiation problem, and the correspondence between energy and frequency in Albert Einstein's 1905 paper which explained the photoelectric effect. Early quantum theory was profoundly re-conceived in the mid-1920s by Niels Bohr, Erwin Schrödinger, Werner Heisenberg, Max Born and others. The original interpretation of quantum mechanics is the Copenhagen interpretation, developed by Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen during the 1920s. The modern theory is formulated in various specially developed mathematical formalisms. In one of them, a mathematical function, the wave function, provides information about the probability amplitude of energy, momentum, and other physical properties of a particle.
Environmental chemistry deals with the The nature am d Eco system
• • Beekeeping or Apiculture is an ancient practice of Keeping Bees.

It is a prime tool to achieve sustainable development. Keeping bees can help low-income communities earn additional revenues from selling bee products, thus reducing the need to exploit other natural resources, and creating incentives to protect natural habitats as food sources and nesting sites for the bees.

• Moreover, beekeeping contributes to the provision of pollination services, assuring crop yields and helping maintain plant biodiversity in natural ecosystems

• This course provides clear guidelines to optimize Native Honeybees and Stingless Bees to transform the activity into a powerful tool for sustainable development.

World has changed over the many past decades, many technologies, socio-cultural economic changes and vast shift in nature of human interactions is apparent. The only aspect at remains unchanged is the human need to communicate and to be understood. Other changing parameters have affected forms and means of communication. Any person who wishes to stay relevant and thrive in such dynamically changing landscape must stay updated and learn to communicate effectively, this course aims at empowering participants with functional aspects of modern communication skills and trends.
learner will understand what is economics and what is managerial economics and different branches of economics as well as how these theories can be used for business decision making
An unprecedented wealth of biological data has been generated by the human genome project and sequencing projects in other organisms. The huge demand for analysis and interpretation of these data is being managed by the evolving science of bioinformatics. Bioinformatics is defined as the application of tools of computation and analysis to the capture and interpretation of biological data. It is an interdisciplinary field, which harnesses computer science, mathematics, physics, and biology. Bioinformatics is essential for management of data in modern biology and medicine. This paper describes the main tools of the bioinformatician and discusses how they are being used to interpret biological data and to further understanding of disease. The potential clinical applications of these data in drug discovery and development are also discussed.
Animal kingdom is divided in to two major categories as 1, Invertebrates and 2, Vertebrates.
Invertebrates are characterised by the absence of vertebral column. It has 9 major phylum.
Mathematics is to be taught at U.G. Level . A 36 months course .Examiantion is to be held annually. Internal Asssessmet percentage is 20 %
The course familiarizes students with central debates in political theory and permits them an overview of the works of some of the discipline’s most pertinent thinkers. It does so by pointing out long term traditions of thought as well as implications for contemporary politics and political science. Students will learn to critically engage with canonical texts, to compare them analytically, and to translate what they mean for the present. In so doing, students will acquire the critical analytical vocabulary to address political questions in a reflected and theoretically informed way.
The course aims to provide the students with various principles and methods for the analysis of linguistic sound systems and grammatical structures, utilizing data from Tibeto-Burman languages with special focus on the tribal languages of North-East India.
Teaching skills are a set of related overt behaviours of the teacher which helps in effective teaching-learning process.
Creativity, Activity, Service (CAS) is one of the three essential elements that every student must complete as part of the Diploma Programme (DP).
This course will help students to learn the fundamentals of services marketing from a practical point of view. The course focusses on the needs of the customers, who are to be kept satisfied and delighted for a business to prosper. The course will help students understand services marketing from various perspectives and will also be useful if participants wish to establish a new service business or manage an existing one. This course focuses on the key elements (culture, communications, strategy, operations, people and technology) that marketers must integrate to establish and sustain service excellence and provide customer value.

According to American Marketing Association services are defined as “activities, benefits or satisfactions which are offered for sale or provided in connection with the sale of goods.”

1. To enable the learner to understand the basic structure and function of human body. 2. To acquire the knowledge regarding effect of exercise on the body as a whole.
3. To enable the learner to understand the need and importance of health education and community health.
4. To acquaint the learner with school health programme. 5. To acquire the knowledge regarding awareness, precaution & understanding HIV/ AIDS preventive education.
The objective of this course is to learn fundamentals of Product and Brand Management. The aim of Product Management Part is to make participants understand competition at product level as well as brand level. Two broadly important aspects namely Product Management from competition point of view and Product Management from New Product Development and Innovation point of view are to be covered. The objective of Brand Management is to make students understand principles of Branding, role of brands, elements and components of brands, brand equity etc. The main aim for Brand Management is to make sure that students understand implications of planning, implementing and evaluating Branding Strategies.
This course is would orient the learners on the concept of Open Educational Resources, its relevance and importance of utilising OERs. During this course the learner is also made aware of different criteria and conditions established of developing and promoting OERs, the licenses associated with such resources and different sources of OERs available in India and abroad. This course is beneficial to teachers, teacher educators and any other person interested in open educational resources.

The objectives of this course are;
1) To orient learners on the concept of Open Educational Resources.

2) To the learners to understand the significance of Open Educational Resources for democratization of higher education.

3) To develop awareness among the learners regarding copyright and different forms of licenses

4) To facilitate learners to develop as well as OERs to enhance their teaching-learning process

5) To inform learners on the different open education initiatives introduced in India.
For all the students who would love to explore creativity and create amazing stories
प्राचीन और आधुनिक हिंदी कविता के बारे में हम विचार करेंगे
In this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the basic concepts of UDL
2) Understand the basic concepts of Inclusive classroom settings especially in India.
3)Appreciate the integration of UDL principles & Inclusive settings.
4) Application of UDL principles in your own classroom


It will take them through a journey of self exploration, guiding them with a range of activities .


It a Ph.D. course being offered in second semester during first year. The course includes concepts of management of organization.
Method of transpiration in crops
Plant Pathology
This course deals with various seed pathogens like fungal, bacterial ,viral etc.
This course offer mainly for B.Sc. Ag 1st year students
There are numerous definitions of a weed. The following are some common definitions:
• A plant that is out of place and not intentionally sown
• A plant that grows where it is not wanted or welcomed
• A plant whose virtues have not yet been discovered
• A plant that is competitive, persistent, pernicious, and interferes negatively with human activity

No matter which definition is used, weeds are plants whose undesirable qualities outweigh their good points, at least according to humans. Human activities create weed problems, since no plant is a weed in nature. Though we may try to manipulate nature for our own good, nature is persistent. Through manipulation, we control certain weeds while other, more serious weeds
may thrive due to favorable growing conditions. Weeds are naturally strong competitors, and those weeds that can best compete always tend to dominate. Both humans and nature are involved in plant-breeding programs. The main difference between the two programs is that
humans breed plants for yield and/or aesthetic qualities, while nature breeds plants for survival.
It is the funda mental entomology, covers all the content of ......
Agrofirestry systems and components which have to be studied for developing agroforestry models in India
Introduction to plant diseases, causes of plant disease, symptoms management, survival and dispersal of plant pathogens.
its temperate zone fruit crops
Course Content

Food and its function, physico-chemical properties of foods, food preparation techniques, nutrition, relation of nutrition to good health. Characteristics of well and malnourished population. Energy, definition, determination of energy requirements, food energy, total energy needs of the body. Carbohydrates: classification, properties, functions, source, requirements, digestion, absorption and utilization. Protein, classification, properties, functions, sources, requirements, digestion, absorption, essential and non-essential amino acids, quality of proteins, PER/NPR/NPU, supplementary value of proteins and deficiency. Lipids – classification, properties, functions, sources, requirements, digestion, absorption and utilization, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, deficiency, rancidity, refining of fats. Mineral nutrition: macro and micro-minerals (Ca, Fe and P), function, utilization, requirements, sources, effects of deficiency. Vitamins: functions, sources, effects of deficiency, requirements of water soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Balanced diet: recommended dietary allowances for various age groups, assessment of nutritional status of the population.
Orchard& estate management, importance, objectives, merits and demerits, Management components i.e soil floor management, water management, INM & IDM, canopy management
for enhance propagation skills
Elementary soil science
it is a Master's course and it will include the introduction, organic nutrent sources weed and pest management, export potential and certification process along with the vocabulary of the course.

This is MSc(Ag) Soil Science course of- I Semester Course is of 2 credit i.e 2+0 Topics - Land and Soil, Soil its importance, Pedology and edaphology, Soil Composition Weathering and soil formation, factors and processes of soil formation, Soil profile, Soil classification, Land capability classification, soil site suitability classification Landform Soil relationship

It deals with the diseases , cause and management of field and horticultural crops.
Concepts of networking Fundamentals
about hindi as a second language and official language of India
Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet.
Mathematical models
Importance of personality development
Physics is the branch of science
Living organisms
Explanation of transport system
Basic Mathematics: Addition , Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
It will be explained about genertion of computer
Same atomic number same different mass number is called isotopes
Stories, grammar, writing and reading.
For commerce students
This department deal with upkeep of the hotel.
Meaning of Financial Management
Financial Management means planning, organizing, directing and controlling the financial activities such as procurement and utilization of funds of the enterprise. It means applying general management principles to financial resources of the enterprise.

Investment decisions includes investment in fixed assets (called as capital budgeting). Investment in current assets are also a part of investment decisions called as working capital decisions.
Financial decisions - They relate to the raising of finance from various resources which will depend upon decision on type of source, period of financing, cost of financing and the returns thereby.
Dividend decision - The finance manager has to take decision with regards to the net profit distribution. Net profits are generally divided into two:
Dividend for shareholders- Dividend and the rate of it has to be decided.
Retained profits- Amount of retained profits has to be finalized which will depend upon expansion and diversification plans of the enterprise.
Objectives of Financial Management
The financial management is generally concerned with procurement, allocation and control of financial resources of a concern. The objectives can be-

To ensure regular and adequate supply of funds to the concern.
To ensure adequate returns to the shareholders which will depend upon the earning capacity, market price of the share, expectations of the shareholders.
To ensure optimum funds utilization. Once the funds are procured, they should be utilized in maximum possible way at least cost.
To ensure safety on investment, i.e, funds should be invested in safe ventures so that adequate rate of return can be achieved.
To plan a sound capital structure-There should be sound and fair composition of capital so that a balance is maintained between debt and equity capital.
Functions of Financial Management
Estimation of capital requirements: A finance manager has to make estimation with regards to capital requirements of the company. This will depend upon expected costs and profits and future programmes and policies of a concern. Estimations have to be made in an adequate manner which increases earning capacity of enterprise.
Determination of capital composition: Once the estimation have been made, the capital structure have to be decided. This involves short- term and long- term debt equity analysis. This will depend upon the proportion of equity capital a company is possessing and additional funds which have to be raised from outside parties.
Choice of sources of funds: For additional funds to be procured, a company has many choices like-
Issue of shares and debentures
Loans to be taken from banks and financial institutions
Public deposits to be drawn like in form of bonds.
Choice of factor will depend on relative merits and demerits of each source and period of financing.
Investment of funds: The finance manager has to decide to allocate funds into profitable ventures so that there is safety on investment and regular returns is possible.
Disposal of surplus: The net profits decision have to be made by the finance manager. This can be done in two ways:
Dividend declaration - It includes identifying the rate of dividends and other benefits like bonus.
Retained profits - The volume has to be decided which will depend upon expansional, innovational, diversification plans of the company.
Management of cash: Finance manager has to make decisions with regards to cash management. Cash is required for many purposes like payment of wages and salaries, payment of electricity and water bills, payment to creditors, meeting current liabilities, maintenance of enough stock, purchase of raw materials, etc.
Financial controls: The finance manager has not only to plan, procure and utilize the funds but he also has to exercise control over finances. This can be done through many techniques like ratio analysis, financial forecasting, cost and profit control, etc.
Definition of a Computer:
• A computer is an electronic device that operates under the specific sets of instruction that is stored in its memory unit.
• A computer is a collection of hardware and software components that help to complete many different tasks.
• A computer can be more accurately defined as an electronic device that takes data as input, stores, and processes it, and displays the output according to the given instructions.
There are different hotel categories
Hi, this is the subject course for foundation course in F.P.
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